Supplemental Sources

Manuscripts and key documents consulted during the research for The Guns at Last Light: The War in Western Europe, 1944-1945 but not cited in the book’s list of selected sources

Ackerman, Robert W. “The Employment of Strategic Bombers in a Tactical Role.” 1954, AFHRA, historical study no. 88.

“The Ardennes Offensive.” British monograph. Aug. 1, 1945, CMH, Geog Belgium, 370.2.

Barr, Henry L. “Infantry Living Conditions in Combat Area.” N.d., Columbus WWII Round Table Collection, MHI, box 1.

Bates, Charles C. “Sea, Swell and Surf Forecasting for D-Day and Beyond: The Anglo-American Effort, 1943– 1945.” 2010, a.p.

“The Battle of Bastogne, 19– 28 Dec. 44.” N.d., Battle Studies, CMH, Geog Belgium 370.2.

Boyland, Bernard. “Development of the Long- Range Escort Fighter.” 1955, AFHRA, historical study no. 136.

“The Breakthrough to Bastogne.” Vols. 1 and 2. N.d., CMH, 8- 3.1 AR.

Burford, Freeman W. “The Inside Story of Oil in the European War.” Nov. 25, 1946, NARA RG 319, CMH background file, 2-.37 CB 6.

Byers, Richard Henry. “Battle of the Bulge.” 1983, a.p.

Carter, William A. “Carter’s War.” 1983, CEOH, box V.

Clark, Carey A., et al. “Armor in the Hürtgen Forest.” May 1949, Armored School Advance Course, Ft. Knox, Ky.

Clarke, Bruce C. “The Battle of St. Vith: A Concept in Defensive Tactics.” N.d., CARL, N-8467.297.

“Combat Engineering.” Aug. 1945, Historical Report No. 10, CEOH, box X-30.

Connell, John. “Over Age in Grade.” N.d., 11th Port Engineer Special Brigade Group, MHI.

Darnall, Joseph R. “Powdered Eggs and Purple Hearts.” 1946, MHUC, MHI, box 24.

Deyo, Morton L. “Cherbourg.” Feb. 1956, SEM, NHHC, box 81, file 33.

———. “Naval Guns at Normandy.” N.d., SEM, NHHC, box 87.

Dickson, Benjamin A. “G-2 Journal: Algiers to the Elbe.” MHI.

Docken, L. D. “My Recollections of the Battle of Phillipsburg in Jan. 1945.” 1981, NARA RG 319, RR background files, FRC 5.

———. “My Recollections of a Raiding Party into Lixing, Feb. 1945.” N.d., NARA RG 319, RR background files, FRC 5.

Donnelly, Charles H. “Autobiography.” May 1979, MHI.

Drea, Edward J. “Unit Reconstitution: A Historical Perspective.” Dec. 1983, CSI.

Dubuque, Jean H., and Robert F. Gleckner. “The Development of the Heavy Bomber, 1918– 1944.” 1951, AFHRA, historical study no. 6.

Dunham, H. H. “U.S. Army Transportation in the ETO.” 1946, CMH, 4- 13.1 AA 29.

Durham, Roger S. “The Past Is Present: The World War II Service of George E. Durham.” 1996, a.p.

“Employment of VT Fuzes in the Ardennes Campaign.” N.d., CMH.

“Engineer Memoirs: General William M. Hoge.” 1993, CEOH.

Fleming, Margaret Henry. “With the American Red Cross in the Battle of the Bulge.” N.d., Columbus WWII Round Table Collection, MHI, box 1.

Goldman, Martin R. R. “Morale in the AAF in World War II.” 1953, AFHR, historical study no. 78.

Gurley, Franklin L. “The Relationship Between Jean de Lattre de Tassigny and Jacob L. Devers.” March 26, 1994, Sorbonne, NARA RG 319, RR background files, FRC 4.

Halsell, Henry P. “Hürtgen Forest and the Roer River Dams.” N.d., CMH, 314.7.

Hechler, Kenneth W. “The German Reaction to Remagen.” OCMH, July 1957, NARA RG 319, R-series, #101.

Heichler, Lucian. “The Germans Facing V Corps, September 1944.” May 1952, NARA RG 319, R-series, #37.

———. “The Germans Opposite VII Corps in Sept. 1944.” Dec. 1952, CMH, CMH 2- 3.7 EB.

———. “Holland, Allied Invasion from the Sky.” Oct. 1953, NARA RG 319, R-series, #5.

Heimlich, William F. “The Eagle and the Bear: Berlin, 1945– 1950.” N.d., HIA.

Helfers, M. C. “The Employment of V-Weapons by the Germans During World War II.” 1954, OCMH, NARA RG 319, 2- 3.7 AW.

Hennessy, Juliette. “Tactical Operations of the Eighth Air Force.” 1952, AFHRA, historical study no. 70.

Heydte, Friedrich Freiherr von der. “A German Parachute Regiment in Normandy.” 1954, FMS, #B-839, MHI.

“The History of the CIC.” N.d., Intelligence Center, Ft. Holabird, CBM, box 6.

“History of the Red List,” 1946, CMH, 3- 5.1 A BA.

Hixson, John A. “Analysis of Deep Attack Operations: U.S. VI Corps, Task Force Butler, Aug. 1944.” March 1987, CSI.

Hodges, Courtney H. “Remagen: The Bridge That Changed the War.” 1949, Hodges papers, MHI, box 21.

Hodgson, James. “The Battle of the Hedgerows.” Aug. 1954, NARA RG 319, OCMH, R-54, box 8.

Hoslett, Schuyler Dean. “The Army Effects Bureau of the Kansas City Quartermaster Depot.” 1946, CMH, 4- 10.8 AA.

Hudson, H. P. “The Intervention of the Third Army: III Corps in the Attack.” N.d., NARA RG 498, ETOUSA HD, UD 584, box 3.

Hull, John E. “Unpublished Autobiography.” N.d., MHI.

Inge, Herndon, Jr. Untitled memoir. N.d., MHI.

Jenkins, Reuben E. “The Battle of the National Redoubt.” N.d., Jenkins papers, MHI, box 1.

Jonassen, Christen T. “Living Conditions in the E.T.O.” 1987, Columbus WWII Round Table, MHI, box 1.

Kerley, Ralph A. “Operations of the 2nd Battalion, 120th Infantry at Mortain.” 1949, IS.

Kline, John P. “The Service Diary of German War Prisoner #315136.” N.d., CBM, MHI, box 2.

Klinek, Eric. “The Army’s Orphans: The United States Army Replacement System During World War II and Its Impact on Combat Effectiveness.” Paper, SMH, Ogden, Utah, Apr. 19, 2008.

Layne, Joseph T., and Glenn D. Barquest. “Margraten: U.S. Ninth Army Military Cemetery.” 1994, 172nd Engineer Combat Bn, NWWIIM.

Lusar, Rudolf. “The German Weapons and Secret Weapons of World War II and Their Subsequent Development.” 1956, CMH.

Lüttichau, Charles V. P. von. “The Ardennes Offensive: Germany’s Situation in the Fall of 1944.” OCMH, 1953, part II, NARA RG 319, R-series, #25, box 6.

MacDermut, Charles F., and Adolph P. Gratiot. “History of G-4 Com Z ETO.” 1946, CMH, 8- 3.4 AA.

Marshall, Jack A. “Once upon a War.” 2009, a.p.

Martin, Joseph Edgar. “From Casablanca to Berchtesgaden: A Memoir of World War II.” 2003, a.p.

Mason, Stanhope. “Reminiscences and Anecdotes of World War II.” 1988, MRC FDM, 1994. 126.

Mattingly, Thomas W., and Olive F. G. Marsh. “A Compilation of the General Health Status of Dwight D. Eisenhower.” Mattingly Collection, DDE Lib, n.d., box 1.

McIntyre, George E. “As Mac Saw It.” N.d., MHI.

“Military History of the Second World War: The Corps of Chaplains.” 1946, CMH, 4- 3 AA.

Mosenthal, John W. “The Establishment of a Continuous Defensive Front by Army Group G.” Nov. 1955, OCMH, NARA RG 319, R-series, #68.

Osmanski, Frank A. “Critical Analysis of the Planning and Execution of the Logistic Support of the Normandy Invasion.” Dec. 1949, Armed Forces Staff College, Osmanski papers, MHI.

Pearlman, Michael David. “To Make Democracy Safe for the World.” Ph.D. diss., University of Illinois, 1978.

Price, John W. “The Strasbourg Incident.” 1967, OCMH, NARA RG 319, RR background files, FRC 5.

Pringle, Henry F. “Weapons Win Wars.” N.d., CMH, 2- 3.7 AB.B.

Reardon, Mark J. “Conquering the Hedgerows.” 2009, a.p.

Richardson, Eudora Ramsay, and Sherman Allan. “Quartermaster Supply in the ETO in WWII.” Vol. 1, 1947, QM School, Camp Lee, Va.

Rieth, John K. “We Seek: Patton’s Forward Observers.” 2002, a.p.

Risch, Erna, and Thomas M. Pitkin. “Clothing the Soldier in World War II.” 1946, CMH, 4- 10.2 AA 16.

Roland, Charles. “G.I. Joe: The Citizen Soldier in World War II.” 1979, MHI, ASEQ, 3rd Bn, 394th Inf, 99th ID.

Semmens, Paul. “The Hammer of Hell.” N.d., CMH.

Smith, Deborah A. “American Prisoners of War in Germany, 1944– 45: Hammelburg.” May 10, 1976, Brooks Kleber papers, MHI.

“Strategy of the Campaign in Western Europe, 1944– 1945.” N.d., USFET, General Board study no. 1.

“Supply: Oversea Theaters of Operation.” 1945, NARA RG 319, background files, 2- 3.7.

Thompson, Royce L. “Air Resupply to Isolated Units, Ardennes Campaign.” Feb. 1951, CMH, 2- 3.7 AE P.

———. “American Intelligence on the German Counteroffensive.” Vol. 1, Nov. 1949, CMH, 2- 3.7 AE P-1.

———. “American Intelligence on the German Counteroffensive.” Vol. 2, “Division Level,” March 1949, CARL, N-16829.2.

———. “Ardennes Campaign Statistics.” Apr. 28, 1952, CMH, 2- 3.7 AE P-15.

———. “Bibliography of the Malmédy Massacre Case.” Dec. 9, 1954, CMH, Geog Belgium, 370.2.

———. “The ETO Ardennes Campaign: Operations of the Combat Group Peiper.” July 24, 1952, CMH.

———. “Intensity of Fighting on a Division Level: The Ordeal of the 106th ID.” N.d., CMH, 2- 3.7 AE P-5.

———. “Military Impact of the German V-Weapons, 1943–1945.” July 31, 1953, CMH, 2- 3.7 AE- P-4, 38.

———. “Military Surrenders in the European Theater.” June 30, 1955, CMH, 2- 3.7, AE.P-28.

———. “Proposed CCS Directive to Eisenhower to End ETO War in 1944.” Jan. 19, 1950, Historical Section, CMH, 2- 3.7 AE.P-9.

———. “Tank Fight of Rocherath- Krinkelt.” Feb. 13, 1952, CMH, 2- 37 AE P-12.

———. “Weather of the Ardennes Campaign.” Oct. 2, 1953, CMH.

“The Train Ride into Hell.” 1998, Pierre C. T. Verheye papers, HIA.

Warren, Harris G. “Special Operations: AAF Aid to European Resistance Movements.” 1947, AFHRA, historical study no. 121.

Warren, John C. “Airborne Operations in World War II, European Theater.” 1956, AFHRA, historical study no. 97.